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Grading Quality Lumber

We keep and stock over 20 speciees of lumber in diffrent thickness and grades. If dont see the lumber you need, give us a call or click here to view the current lumber we stock.

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Our Hardwood Lumber selection is amazing. We have so many species and sizes it would be impossible to list them all. Just click on a species above for a description of available woods. If we do not show what you are looking for just give us a call and we can find it for you.


Hardwood lumber is sold by the board foot. A board foot is 12” wide x 12” long x 1” thick (or ¾).
However, it is not always that simple because every board has a different width. For example, if a board
is 4-1/4 BF it will be rounded down to 4 /BF. If the next board is 4-3/4 it will be rounded up to 5/BF.
Hardwood lumber has a lot of water in it when it is sawn. That moisture needs to be removed to make
finished products such as cabinets, furniture, flooring, trim, and paneling. When hardwood lumber is
kiln dried it shrinks.
When a mill saws a hardwood lumber such as Red Oak, that board is full of water. If you put a tape
measure on the board just after it has been sawn and it measures 10”, once it has been kiln dried it may
only measure 9-1/4.” When the lumber dries “shrinkage” occurs. As the dealer, we paid for 10” and we
have to include this in our selling price by either raising the price (net) or selling it on the 10” tally we
paid for (gross). Thus, the difference between gross tally vs. net tally.
Hardwood lumber can be sold on a net tally or a gross tally. This tends to confuse a lot of people so
maybe this will help explain the difference. Net tally is the measurement after kiln drying. The actual
board foot measured, and the price has been increased to make up for the loss of mass when the
lumber was kiln dried. So, this is where gross tally comes from. Gross tally is for kiln dried lumber that
was tallied before kiln drying. We here at Tidewater Lumber add back in 8% to the net tally to
compensate for the mass lost during the kiln drying process.
We then offer a service called straight line ripping. Once lumber is dried it will bow in one direction or
the other so we straight line rip one edge so the cabinet maker can take it strait to a table saw to rip it to
the desired width. When a board is SLR waste is created. That waste is 10%. In a gross tally this 10% is
added back to the net tally.

In short:
Net tally = measurement after drying
Gross tally = measurement before drying